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Inclusive design

Inclusive design at bus stops and continuous footways

The Living Streets project 'Inclusive Design at Bus Stops and Continuous Footways' was funded by the Scottish Road Research Board, Transport Scotland, and Department for Transport.

Our remit was to answer the broad question: do ‘bus stop bypasses’ and continuous footways lead to people being excluded from use of the streets (and bus services), and what would make them more inclusive? 

In submitting the findings to a wider audience, we hope that this is just the beginning of a much bigger conversation about what changes are needed to make streets more inclusive. 

The observations, conclusions and recommendations in this report are not a definitive statement of Living Streets’ position on bus stop bypasses or continuous footways. 

We are reporting in two phases, with the report into bus stop bypasses being published in January/February 2024. 

A person crossing at a side road with a guide dog

Image copyright Heard in London


Inclusive design at continuous footways

This work is an in-depth investigation relating to the use of continuous footways. It was prompted by questions around whether these make streets more or less inclusive, and whether particular design features make a difference.

To answer these questions, we used a multi-threaded approach over a project spanning two years. This brought together hard data, softer evidence of real-life behaviours, and learning from literature, consultation, focus groups, and interviews. 

Initial findings were refined through consultation with people with a range of differing views. The result is a set of conclusions which point to a complex and nuanced situation. 

The initial report sections and accompanying appendices present the separate elements of evidence and threads of work that support our findings. The ‘Discussion of core findings’ section of the report brings these together. 

We have provided adapted webpage versions of the pdf reports. These are designed to be more accessible for those using screen readers or who need to magnify the text.

We have also provided a recording of one of the webinars which we ran in December (2023) in which Robert Weetman introduces this work in more detail (see button to the right). We decided to provide these webinars for a number of reasons. There has been confusion over what a continuous footway is, the report content is complex and our findings are nuanced.


Inclusive design at bus stops with cycle tracks

This work is an in-depth investigation relating to infrastructure designs where a cycle track continues past a bus stop, including what is often known as a 'bus stop bypass'. It was prompted by questions around whether these are necessary and effective, and/or whether they make streets less inclusive.

Report links

The reports on this part of the project will be published in spring 2024